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Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract – Math Class – PK

During the entire school year, students from pre-kindergarten have been learning numbers from 1 to 10 in different ways. According to the Singapore Method, it is ideal to follow the CPA sequence (concrete-pictorial-abstract). To work on the concrete phase, students count and work on the number-quantity relationship using snap cubes, rods, and ten frames. This helps them understand that each number has a corresponding amount. For students to learn the pictorial understanding of numbers, they work on their books matching images with what they already did with concrete material (eg: coloring ten frames and snap cubes), using their knowledge to solve problems and transform their image of real objects into drawings. In order for the kids to get to the abstract phase or CPA, they write the numbers, matching the digit with the number of objects, turning concrete material into abstract concepts, and some of them even know how to write the number words! The CPA is a wonderful strategy for students to develop solid foundations for higher thinking functions and problem-solving, allowing students to feel successful and satisfied with their educational process.

Author: Laura Castellanos English & Math Teacher Pk C Family Coordinator Pk C

Resumen:Durante todo el año escolar, los estudiantes de pre kinder han aprendido los números del 1 al 10 de diferentes maneras. De acuerdo con el Método Singapur, es ideal seguir la secuencia CPA (Concreto, Pictórico, Abstracto). Para trabajar en la fase pictórica, los estudiantes cuentan y trabajan en la relación numero-cantidad usando cubos de conteo, regletas y tablas con decenas. Esto los ayuda a entender que cada numero tiene una cantidad correspondiente. Para que los estudiantes logren la comprensión pictórica de los números, trabajan en sus libros emparejando imágenes con lo que hicieron con material concreto (ej: coloreando cuadros en decenas y cubos de conteo), usando su conocimiento para resolver problemas y transformar su imagen de objetos reales en dibujos. Para que los niños lleguen a la fase abstracta del CPA, escriben los números, emparejando el dÃ

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